Schubert's Ave Maria: A Heavenly Hymn to the Blessed Virgin Mary

Schubert's Ave Maria: A Heavenly Hymn to the Blessed Virgin Mary


Schubert's Ave Maria is a masterpiece of sacred music that has touched the hearts of millions of people around the world. This beautiful hymn to the Blessed Virgin Mary is known for its ethereal beauty and haunting melodies, which transport listeners to a heavenly realm. In this article, we will explore the history, the lyrics, and the musical features of this beloved composition.


Franz Schubert wrote Ave Maria in 1825 as part of his song cycle "Ellens Gesang III." The original German lyrics were taken from Sir Walter Scott's epic poem "The Lady of the Lake," which tells the story of Ellen Douglas, a Scottish noblewoman who is forced to flee her homeland. To seek sanctuary, she takes refuge in a chapel, where she prays to the Virgin Mary. Schubert was moved by this powerful image of a woman seeking solace in the Blessed Mother and decided to set it to music. Ave Maria was an instant success, and it quickly became one of Schubert's most popular compositions. Over the years, it has been performed by countless musicians and singers, and its popularity has only grown with time.


Ave Maria is a prayer to the Virgin Mary that asks for her intercession and protection. The lyrics are simple yet powerful, and they express a deep sense of faith and devotion. Here is the original German text: Ave Maria, Jungfrau mild, Erhöre einer Jungfrau Flehen, Aus diesem Felsen starr und wild Soll mein Gebet zu dir hinwehen. Wir schlafen sicher bis zum Morgen, Ob Menschen noch so grausam sind. O Jungfrau, sieh der Jungfrau Sorgen, O Mutter, hör ein bittend Kind! Ave Maria! Here is an English translation of the lyrics: Hail Mary, full of grace, The Lord is with thee. Blessed art thou among women, And blessed is the fruit of thy womb, Jesus. Holy Mary, Mother of God, Pray for us sinners, Now and at the hour of our death. Amen. The English translation is based on the traditional Catholic prayer to the Virgin Mary known as the "Hail Mary." Schubert's music elevates these words to a higher realm, creating a celestial atmosphere that brings listeners closer to the divine.

Musical Features

Schubert's Ave Maria is a masterful example of Romantic-era music, with its lush harmonies, expressive melodies, and evocative imagery. The piece is written in the key of B-flat major and is set for voice and piano. The opening lines of the melody are instantly recognizable, starting with a rising motif that ascends through the first four notes of the scale. This creates a sense of upward movement and spiritual yearning, which perfectly captures the prayerful mood of the piece. The melody is then repeated with slight variations, adding depth and complexity to the composition. The harmonies in Ave Maria are rich and expressive, with lush chords that flow seamlessly from one to the next. The piano accompaniment is also full of subtle variations and delicate ornamentation, creating a sense of fluidity and grace. The overall effect of Schubert's Ave Maria is one of profound beauty and spiritual transcendence. It is a hymn that invites listeners to connect with the divine and to find comfort and solace in the presence of the Blessed Virgin Mary.


Schubert's Ave Maria is a true masterpiece of sacred music that has stood the test of time. Its soaring melodies, lush harmonies, and evocative imagery continue to inspire and move people around the world. Whether you are a devout believer or simply a lover of beautiful music, this heavenly hymn to the Blessed Virgin Mary is sure to touch your heart and lift your spirit.